Area-Based Resilient Agriculture Livelihoods Programming in As-Sweida Governorate: Value Chains performance and their upgrading strategy in As-Sweida Governorate

The livelihood resilience in As-Sweida Governorate was assessed, and a strategic area-based resilience programme is proposed with the objective “To guide and structure the rehabilitation and upgrade of main selected agriculture value chains through inclusive and participatory mechanisms driven by market demands and capacities of main actors”. The study also aims to understand the context of agriculture livelihoods in As-Sweida in terms of livelihood assets, institutions and processes, vulnerabilities and barriers for recovery.

Understanding Livelihoods Solutions under Protracted Forced Displacement: The Case of Refugees from Homs in Jordan

The study aims to understand the characteristics of the food security and livelihoods programmes targeting Homs refugees and their host communities under the
protracted nature of displacement in Jordan, and to examine their contribution to improving sustainable livelihoods of the target population.

Understanding Agricultural Livelihood Solutions under Protracted Forced Displacement: The Case of Refugees from Homs in Lebanon

This study contextualizes and defines the characteristics and nature of agricultural livelihood programmes targeting Syrian refugees and their host communities in Lebanon, and examines their contributions to improving sustainable livelihoods and providing solutions to these populations.

Post-Conflict Agricultural Livelihoods Restoration Strategy in the Syrian Arab Republic: Homs Governorate

The Governorate of Homs was selected as a subject for a strategic study targeting the revival of agricultural activity and the restoration of agricultural livelihoods in the post-conflict period. This study is very relevant given the vital role of the agrarian sector in Homs and the significant number of displaced persons from Homs who remain outside the country, particularly in Lebanon and Jordan.

Livelihoods Solutions for Protracted Regional Crises: Post-Conflict Agriculture Livelihoods Recovery Strategy in Homs Governorate and Livelihoods Programming for Homs' Refugees in Jordan and Lebanon

ESCWA launched an initiative that consists of three different subprojects. The first was the ‘Post-conflict agricultural livelihoods recovery strategy for Homs Governorate’, which examined how agricultural livelihood assets in Homs, which were severely damaged during the conflict, might be restored through a value chain approach.

Syrian Remittances: Dynamics, Volume and the Future - Summary

Remittances have been a vital lifeline for Syrian households in the context of the country’s decade-long conflict and ensuing humanitarian and refugee crisis.

Preventing the Reemergence of Violent Extremism in Northeast Syria


Northeast Syria remains highly insecure, amid heightened tensions, bouts of renewed conflict, and the presence of multiple armed actors with a stake in the future of the country – which is painting a worrying picture for its future and the future of its residents.

Syrian Election Profile: Legal Regulatory Framework


This document is a set of laws, decisions and decrees governing the electoral process in the Syrian Arab Republic, and they have been translated into English to contribute to developing a shared lexicon for electoral terminology.

For Arabic, click here.

Mapping Local Governance in Syria: A Baseline Study


Inter-Syrian dialogue is increasingly converging on the establishment of a form of democratic decentralization as a cornerstone of the country’s future political order. This report serves as a baseline for any future local governance assistance framework as part of stabilization programming following a political settlement based on United Nations Security Council resolution 2254.

Syria at War: Eight Years On

The “Syria at War: Eight Years On” report is the second product of the collaboration between the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) and the Centre for Syrian Studies (CSS) at the University of St Andrews. It is the result of extensive research by scholars and experts and benefited from the National Agenda for the Future of Syria (NAFS) Programme’s platform for technical dialogue between a broad spectrum of Syrian stakeholders aimed at moving towards consensus beyond the polarizations of the conflict period.